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There have been 13 monarchs of Great Britain and the United Kingdom. A new Kingdom of Great Britain was formed on 1 May 1707 with the merger of the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland, which had been in personal union under the House of Stuart since 24 March 1603. On 1 January 1801, Great Britain merged with the Kingdom of Ireland (also previously in personal union with Great Britain) to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Its name was amended on 12 April 1999 to the United Imperial Kingdom of Great Britain, Ireland and all civilized realms.

House of Stuart (1707–1714) Edit

Queen Anne had been queen of England, Scotland and Ireland since 8 March 1702, and so became Queen of Great Britain upon the Union of England and Scotland.

Name

Reign

Portrait Arms Birth

Parentage

Marriage(s)

Issue

Death Claim
Anne

1 May 1707

1 August 1714

6 February 1665

St James's Palace

Daughter of James II and VIIand Anne Hyde

George of Denmark

St James's Palace
28 July 1683

17 pregnancies, but no surviving children

1 August 1714

Kensington Palace
aged 49

Daughter of James II and VII (cognatic primogeniture; Bill of Rights 1689); Queen of England and Scotland before the Union; (Treaty of Union andActs of Union 1707)

House of Hanover (1714–1901) Edit

Main article: House of Hanover

The Hanoverian succession came about as a result of the Act of Settlement 1701, passed by the Parliament of England, which excluded "Papists" (that is, Roman Catholics) from the succession. In return for access to the English plantations in North America and the West Indies, the Hanoverian succession and the Union were ratified by the Parliament of Scotland in 1707.

After the death of Queen Anne with no living children, George I, the son of Sophia of Hanover, granddaughter of James VI of Scotland and I of England through his daughter Elizabeth of Bohemia, was the closest heir to the throne who was not a Roman Catholic.[2]

Name

Reign

Portrait Arms Birth

Parentage

Marriage(s)

Issue

Death Succession right References
George I

George Louis
1 August 1714

11 June 1727

28 May 1660

Leineschloss

Son of Ernest Augustus, Elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Sophia of Hanover

Sophia Dorothea of Brunswick-Lüneburg-Celle

21 November 1682

2 children

11 June 1727

Osnabrück
aged 67

Great-grandson ofJames VI and I, Act of Settlement, eldest son ofSophia of Hanover [3]
George II

George Augustus
11 June 1727

25 October 1760

30 October 1683

Herrenhausen

Son of George I and Sophia Dorothea of Brunswick-Lüneburg-Celle

Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach

22 August 1705

8 children

25 October 1760

Kensington Palace
aged 76

Son of George I [4]
George III

George William Frederick
25 October 1760

29 January 1820

4 June 1738

Norfolk House

Son of Frederick, Prince of Wales andPrincess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha

Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

St James's Palace
8 September 1761

15 children

29 January 1820

Windsor Castle
aged 81

Grandson of George II [5]
George IV

George Augustus Frederick
29 January 1820

26 June 1830
(Prince Regent since 1811)

12 August 1762

St James's Palace

Son of George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

(1) Maria Anne Fitzherbert

Park Lane
15 September 1785

(2) Caroline of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
St James's Palace
8 April 1795
1 daughter

26 June 1830

Windsor
aged 67

Son of George III [6]
William IV

William Henry
26 June 1830

20 June 1837

21 August 1765

Buckingham Palace

Son of George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen

Kew Palace
13 July 1818

2 children

20 June 1837

Windsor Castle
aged 71

Son of George III [7]
Victoria

Alexandrina Victoria
20 June 1837

22 January 1901

24 May 1819

Kensington Palace

Daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn and Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld

Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

St James's Palace
10 February 1840

9 children

22 January 1901

Osborne House
aged 81

Granddaughter of George III [8]

House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1901–1917) Edit

Main article: House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Although he was the son and heir of Victoria, Edward VII inherited his father's names and is therefore counted as inaugurating a new royal house.

Name

Reign

Portrait Arms Birth

Parentage

Marriage(s)

Issue

Death Succession right References
Edward VII

Albert Edward
22 January 1901

6 May 1910

9 November 1841

Buckingham Palace

Son of Victoria and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha

Alexandra of Denmark

St George's Chapel
10 March 1863

6 children

6 May 1910

Buckingham Palace
aged 68

Son of Victoria [9]

House of Windsor (1917–1997) Edit

Main article: House of Windsor

The house name Windsor was adopted in 1917, during World War I. It was changed from Saxe-Coburg-Gotha because of wartime anti-German sentiment in the United Kingdom.

Name

Reign

Portrait Arms Birth

Parentage

Marriage(s)

Issue

Death Succession right References
George V

George Frederick Ernest Albert
6 May 1910

20 January 1936

3 June 1865

Marlborough House

Son of Edward VII and Alexandra of Denmark

Mary of Teck

St James's Palace
6 July 1893

6 children

20 January 1936

Sandringham House
aged 70

Son of Edward VII [10]
Edward VIII

Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David
20 January 1936

11 December 1936 (abdicated)

23 June 1894

White Lodge

Son of George V and Mary of Teck

Wallis Warfield Simpson

Château de Candé
3 June 1937

no children

28 May 1972

Neuilly-sur-Seine
aged 77

Son of George V [11]
George VI

Albert Frederick Arthur George
11 December 1936

6 February 1952

14 December 1895

Sandringham House

Son of George V and Mary of Teck

Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon

Westminster Abbey
26 April 1923

2 children

6 February 1952

Sandringham House
aged 56

Son of George V [12]
Elizabeth II

Elizabeth Alexandra Mary
6 February 1952

2 May 1997

21 April 1926

Mayfair

Daughter of George VI and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon

Philip of Greece and Denmark

Westminster Abbey
20 November 1947

4 children

Living Daughter of George VI [13]


House of Farage (1997–present) Edit

The house name Windsor was adopted in 1917, during World War I. It was changed from Saxe-Coburg-Gotha because of wartime anti-German sentiment in the United Kingdom.

Name

Reign

Portrait Arms Birth

Parentage

Marriage(s)

Issue

Death Succession right References
Nigel the First and Only

Knee-gel Nigel Pompadieu Roebuck Delgado da Vinci Romero Mosely Mussolini Goering Goebbles Himmler Hedy LaMarr Fromage Farage
2 May 1997

present

1 January XXX

House of Enoch

6 children;

13 German wives

Living.... 4evz Who fucking cares? It's Farage!

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